Symbolic of an earth mother
Papatūānuku is the earth mother, wife of Rangi and the mother of the atua. She is the foudation of all life on earth, and gives birth to all things, including humankind, and provides the physical and spiritual basis for life. Papatūānuku, the land, is a powerful mother earth figure who gives many blessings to her children.
On her korowai you can see the land mass such as mountains and volcanoes and in the centre is the globe of the world, the pattern watermarked is a tāniko pattern variation of niho taniwha.